Chocolate expansion in Europe happened in the early nineteenth century, owing to the development of new technologies. It became a pillar of European industry. Some of the greatest chocolate factories were created during this century.
The Industrial Revolution: Chocolate Spreads Through Europe
With the gradual decline of the aristocracy, the chocolate drink lost its reputation in favor of all sorts of chocolates we daily love to taste.
Chocolat Is Conquering Germany
Chocolate appeared in Germany in 1641. It was mainly appreciated by pastry bakers. One of the most famous german pastries is of course the Black Forest.
Chocolate Is Conquering Switzerland
Switzerland was late to discover it but has caught up very quickly. The country became a leading place for chocolate with its inventions and its prominent chocolate brands. Thus, hazelnut chocolate was invented in 1830, milk chocolate in 1866 and of course the ‘Fondant” chocolate.
Chocolate Is Conquering Holland
In 1826, Dutchman Coenraad Johannes van Houten invented and patented a more digestible and fat reduced cocoa. World was on its way to discover the Cocoa powder and with it the birth of all these chocolate treats that are making our daily happiness.
Chocolate Is Conquering Italy
Chocolate beans were introduced to the court of Italy in 1606, by Carletti, a Florentine merchant. Dozens of “cioccolatieri” (chocolate shops) opened throughout the country.
Chocolate Is Conquering England
Chocolate took its first steps on British soil in 1648. It was told that the first chocolate shop the “Chocolate House”, was opened in London by a French man, in 1657. England was thus the first country to allow people to taste a chocolate until now reserved to aristocracy. The first English manufacture using hydraulic force was invented in 1728 and was built in Bristol.
This discovery revolutionized European chocolate industry. Factories modernized quickly and moved along the rivers to operate these new machines. The United Kingdom was the birthplace of surprising and timeless chocolate flavors such as mint, rose, violet or ginger.
Chocolate Is Conquering Belgium
Will you be surprised to learn that the chocolate box was invented in Belgium, as well as the “praline” coated with chocolate and presented in a small shell… a truly delight!
The Chocolate: A Timeless and Unifying Effect
Chocolate crossed the centuries, travelled throughout Europe, knew its most incredible transformations but also discovered industrialization.
Hopefully, chocolatiers are attached to real and authentic hand-made skills. They indeed keep on making chocolate of exceptional quality, for everyone’s enjoyment.
What About France?
All gourmets will be delighted to learn that our country and chocolate have been living a very long and beautiful love affair. But this is another story we will have pleasure to tell you in our next article!